Findings from Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE: A case study of New Hampshire's pediatric SANE database [Journal of Forensic Nursing]


Abstract

The purpose of this article is to provide child sexual abuse data gathered by sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) in New Hampshire at the time of the medical/forensic examination. This study provides demographic, victim and assault characteristics from 696 child sexual abuse patients between 1997 and 2007. The study is a collaborative project between the SANE Advisory Board, a team of university researchers, and the Research Committee of the New Hampshire (NH) Governor’s Commission on Domestic and Sexual Violence.


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Select Task Force on the Study of Harassment in the Workplace [U.S. E.E.O.C.]


Report of Co-Chairs Chai R. Feldblum & Victoria A. Lipnic

June 2016

Contents

PREFACE
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
PART ONE: INTRODUCTION
PART TWO: WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE
A. REAL PEOPLE/REAL LIVES
B. THE PREVALENCE OF HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE
C. EMPLOYEE RESPONSES TO HARASSMENT
D. THE BUSINESS CASE FOR STOPPING AND PREVENTING HARASSMENT
E. RISK FACTORS FOR HARASSMENT
PART THREE: PREVENTING HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE
A. IT STARTS AT THE TOP
B. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
C. ANTI-HARASSMENT COMPLIANCE TRAINING
D. WORKPLACE CIVILITY AND BYSTANDER INTERVENTION TRAINING
E. GETTING THE WORD OUT
F. IT’S ON US
PART FOUR: SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
APPENDIX A: ACTIVITIES OF THE SELECT TASK FORCE
APPENDIX B: CHECKLISTS FOR EMPLOYERS
APPENDIX C: CHART OF RISK FACTORS AND RESPONSES


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Worldwide, around 15 million adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 have experienced forced sex in their lifetime. Boys are also at risk, although a global estimate is unavailable [UNICEF]


Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling of children’s rights violations. As such, it is the subject of dedicated international legal instruments aimed at protecting children against its multiple forms. Acts of sexual violence, which often occur together and with other forms of violence, can range from direct physical contact to unwanted exposure to sexual language and images. ‘Sexual violence’ is often used as an umbrella term to cover all types of sexual victimization.[1] Although children of every age are susceptible, adolescence is a period of pronounced vulnerability, especially for girls.

[1] “Sexual violence against children encompasses both sexual exploitation and sexual abuse of children and can be used as an umbrella term to refer jointly to these phenomena, both with regard to acts of commission and omission and associated to physical and psychological violence.” Interagency Working Group on Sexual Exploitation of Children, Terminology Guidelines for the Protection of Children from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse, ECPAT International and ECPAT Luxembourg, Rachathewi, Bangkok, June 2016, p. 16, open PDF from .


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Callisto: Tech to combat sexual assault [Callisto]


The Problem

As we’ve seen from #MeToo, sexual harassment and assault are far too common and often never reported. Many sexual perpetrators are repeat offenders, but it is hard for victims to learn whether or not they’re the only one. Knowing that you’re not alone tends to change a lot – the way you frame your experience, your motivation to take action, the probability that taking action will lead to risk for yourself or protection for your community.

It’s time that we change the equation – by giving victims the options and information and support they need, by allowing them to disclose in their own time and in their own way, and by safely connecting victims of the same perpetrator together to validate each other’s experience and take action. We believe that by empowering victims of sexual harassment and assault, we can support their wellbeing and change the culture of sexual violence that has persisted for far too long.

Our Solution

Callisto is a non-profit organization that develops technology to combat sexual assault and harassment. Our online systems are designed to detect repeat perpetrators and to empower victims to make the reporting (or not reporting) decision right for them.


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Evaluation of a Database for Tracking Cases of Child Sexual Abuse [Taylor & Francis Online]


Abstract

Administrative databases are used by criminal justice professionals to guide specialist responses to crimes of child sexual abuse. Assumptions might be made that the database will be accurate, contemporaneous, complete, and meaningful; however, this may not be the case. The main aim of the current study was to critically evaluate a database used by practitioners for tracking cases of child sexual abuse, in order to identify evidence that may justify investment in improved data gathering and centralised information management systems. Three data quality dimensions were examined: (1) completeness, measured as data that were not missing and were of adequate breadth and depth, (2) accuracy, namely that the data are correct, and (3) believability, where the data may be regarded as credible or plausible. Results indicated that data quality was of concern for all three dimensions, with missing and inaccurate data found across a range of variables, and issues with believability found on two variables. The implications of these results for development of new data documentation methods are discussed.


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Special Report: Rape and Sexual Assault Victimization Among College-Age Females, 1995–2013 [U.S. DoJ]


This report uses the National Crime Victimization
Survey (NCVS) to compare the rape and sexual assault victimization of female college students and nonstudents. For the period 1995–2013—
„

  • The rate of rape and sexual assault was 1.2 times higher for nonstudents (7.6 per 1,000) than for students (6.1 per 1,000).
  • „

  • For both college students and nonstudents, the o ender was known to the victim in about 80% of rape and sexual assault victimizations.
  • „

  • Most (51%) student rape and sexual assault victimizations occurred while the victim was pursuing leisure activities away from home, compared to nonstudents who were engaged in other activities at home (50%) when the victimization occurred.
  • The o ender had a weapon in about 1 in 10 rape and sexual assault victimizations against both students and nonstudents.
  • „

  • Rape and sexual assault victimizations of students (80%) were more likely than nonstudent victimizations (67%) to go unreported to police.
  • „

  • About a quarter of student (26%) and nonstudent (23%) victims who did not report to police believed the incident was a personal matter, and 1 in 5 (20% each) stated a fear of reprisal.
  • „

  • Student victims (12%) were more likely than nonstudent victims (5%) to state that the incident was not important enough to report.
  • „ Fewer than 1 in 5 female student (16%) and nonstudent (18%) victims of rape and sexual assault received assistance from a victim services agency.

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U.N. Case Law Database on Sexual Assault [UN]


850. The Appeals Chamber notes that the definition and elements of sexual assault have been discussed, in various degrees of detail, by several trial chambers.[1] Trial chambers have held that sexual assault is broader than rape and encompasses “all serious abuses of a sexual nature inflicted upon the physical and moral integrity of a person by means of coercion, threat of force or intimidation in a way that is humiliating and degrading for the victim’s dignity”.[2] The Appeals Chamber notes that the Milutinović et al. Trial Chamber, after a thorough analysis, identified the elements of sexual assault as follows:

(a) The physical perpetrator commits an act of a sexual nature on another; this includes requiring that other person to perform such an act.
(b) That act infringes the victim’s physical integrity or amounts to an outrage to the victim’s personal dignity.
(c) The victim does not consent to the act.
(d) The physical perpetrator intentionally commits the act.
(e) The physical perpetrator is aware that the act occurred without the consent of the victim.[3]

851. This definition was adopted by the Trial Chamber in the present case.[4] While the Appeals Chamber is satisfied that this definition correctly reflects the elements of sexual assault (other than rape), it finds that some further elaboration is useful.


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How Common is Sexual Assault in the United States? The Answer Depends On Who You Ask [Center for Data Innovation]


By Joshua New

A recent report from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) found that the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Defense, Education and Justice oversee at least 10 different efforts to collect data about sexual violence—producing widely varying statistics that, on the surface, appear to measure the same thing. As a result, policymakers and the public simply do not have reliable, easy-to-understand data about sexual assault, which can have serious consequences for the effectiveness and accountability of the criminal justice system and hinder efforts to combat sexual assault. Federal agencies and Congress should take action to ensure that the public and policymakers alike can better understand this data and put it to good use in the fight against sexual assault.

After reviewing 10 different data collection efforts, GAO found that federal agencies use 23 different terms to describe an incident of sexual violence. These terms often overlap and different initiatives sometimes apply or define these terms differently. For example, the Department of Education collects data about crime on college campuses and defines certain incidents of sexual violence as “rape,” whereas HHS defines those same incidents as either “rape,” “sexual coercion,” or “assault-sexual.” Similarly, the Department of Education classifies nonpenetrative contact as “fondling,” whereas HHS describes it either as “assault-sexual” or “unwanted sexual contact.” Furthermore, the Department of Education does not collect any statistics about certain types of sexual assault, such as when a victim was made to penetrate someone else. These types of conflicting and overlapping definitions make it difficult to answer relatively simple questions, such as “how many sexual assaults occur on college campuses?”


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For #MeToo movement, a mixed reception in nations outside US [ABC News]


In this Oct. 29, 2017 file photo, demonstrators hold placards reading

Thanks to the vast reach of social media and the prevalence of sexual misconduct in virtually every society, the #MeToo movement has proven itself a genuinely global phenomenon. Yet its impact varies widely from country to country, from potentially momentous to inconsequential.

No other nation has experienced anything close to the developments in the United States, the movement’s birthplace, where scores of prominent men — among them politicians, media stars and movie moguls — have lost jobs and reputations after facing sexual misconduct allegations.

As the global women’s movement prepares for International Women’s Day on Thursday, it’s clear the record elsewhere is mixed.


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