The heated national debate about sexual misconduct has cast a spotlight on victims’ reluctance to report assault.
The issue has been at the center of some of the most high-profile cases in the #MeToo era. The National Sexual Violence Resource Center, a Harrisburg, Pa., nonprofit, reviewed studies by the U.S. Department of Justice and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as academic legal research, and found only 5% to 20% of sexual-assault victims report attacks to law enforcement. Read More
Suomessakin nosteessa ollut #metoo -kampanja herätti vastuunkantajat seurakuntien lisäkoulutustarpeeseen. Suomen teologisella opistolla Tampereella järjestetään 30.–31.8. #turvallinenseurakunta-täydennyskoulutus.
Denomination: Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)
Does the organization have a clergy sexual abuse policy in place? If yes, where can this policy be found (provide URL, mailing address if a copy must be requested, etc.)?
The ELCA does have a policy for clergy sexual abuse but each one of our synods creates their own policy. One would need to contact the synod for a copy. Victims can contact the synod office where the abuse occurred. The synod bishop is the person with whom a victim can begin a report.
Does your organization’s policy include the abuse of vulnerable adults, as well as children?
Each individual ELCA congregation is responsible for creating its safe church policy. Our website offers guidelines and we do provide in-services to help but the responsibility is with the leadership in our congregations.
As we’ve seen from #MeToo, sexual harassment and assault are far too common and often never reported. Many sexual perpetrators are repeat offenders, but it is hard for victims to learn whether or not they’re the only one. Knowing that you’re not alone tends to change a lot – the way you frame your experience, your motivation to take action, the probability that taking action will lead to risk for yourself or protection for your community.
It’s time that we change the equation – by giving victims the options and information and support they need, by allowing them to disclose in their own time and in their own way, and by safely connecting victims of the same perpetrator together to validate each other’s experience and take action. We believe that by empowering victims of sexual harassment and assault, we can support their wellbeing and change the culture of sexual violence that has persisted for far too long.
Callisto is a non-profit organization that develops technology to combat sexual assault and harassment. Our online systems are designed to detect repeat perpetrators and to empower victims to make the reporting (or not reporting) decision right for them.
850. The Appeals Chamber notes that the definition and elements of sexual assault have been discussed, in various degrees of detail, by several trial chambers. Trial chambers have held that sexual assault is broader than rape and encompasses “all serious abuses of a sexual nature inflicted upon the physical and moral integrity of a person by means of coercion, threat of force or intimidation in a way that is humiliating and degrading for the victim’s dignity”. The Appeals Chamber notes that the Milutinović et al. Trial Chamber, after a thorough analysis, identified the elements of sexual assault as follows:
(a) The physical perpetrator commits an act of a sexual nature on another; this includes requiring that other person to perform such an act.
(b) That act infringes the victim’s physical integrity or amounts to an outrage to the victim’s personal dignity.
(c) The victim does not consent to the act.
(d) The physical perpetrator intentionally commits the act.
(e) The physical perpetrator is aware that the act occurred without the consent of the victim.
851. This definition was adopted by the Trial Chamber in the present case. While the Appeals Chamber is satisfied that this definition correctly reflects the elements of sexual assault (other than rape), it finds that some further elaboration is useful.